Emergency Preparedness & Response

Emergency Preparedness & Response

DISASTER RISK AND MANAGEMENT RESPONSE

We have been building up the resilience of local communities to help them deal with frequent disasters, and support them when they are affected by them. In cooperation with local organisations, entrepreneurs, and the government, we have developed an early warning system providing people with timely information on an upcoming disaster.

Furthermore, we also participate in developing crisis management plans to mitigate the effects of future disasters and to help the country cope with global climate change. In 2011 and 2013 we provided emergency response for people affected by floods, while in 2017 we helped people overcome the consequences of devastating drought.

The Early Warning System continues to be at the forefront of Cambodia's innovative approach to emergency response and disaster preparedness. It will continue to expand its functions to become more accessible for all communities nationwide in Cambodia.

COVID-19 RESPONSE

Resilience in Cambodia continues to improve within various sectors. Cambodia has made great improvement in decreasing child and maternal mortality ratio, and has enhanced health care for new mothers and their newborns. Yet, the mortality rate still remains the highest in the region. We work in four provinces across rural and urban areas, in more than 30 health centres and with more than 90 obstetricians and 50 health care professionals. Thus, we are able to help thousands of people. We provide midwives and health care staff with quality trainings. Recently, we have launched an innovative programme using mobile technology. Registered mothers receive voice messages with information about baby care on a regular basis.

With the unprecedented COVID-19 pandemic, we support rural communities in Phnom Penh through awareness raising campaigns on safety against COVID-19, economic recovery for micro-businesses through financial literacy and access to finance, and provide job opportunities, and ensure safety of communities from violence during this challenging time. 

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Ongoing ActivitiesORPast Activities

Integrated COVID-19 Response for Poor Urban Settings in Phnom Penh

Integrated COVID-19 Response for Poor Urban Settings in Phnom Penh

The Urban Resilience project, funded by the European Union, is a 36-month project that covers a range of sectors, such as WASH, gender-based violence prevention and children protection, livelihoods and social protection, housing rights, financial literacy, indebtedness and behavioral change communication.  

With this multisectoral project, it aims to help more than 20,000 economically disadvantaged people living in urban poor areas of Phnom Penh, 404 union representatives from the informal sector, garment and retail industry, more than 350 women in urban poor communities, 5,000 recently laid off workers, 250 small business owners and 275 local authorities and commune stakeholders. Overall, the project will target 255 communities in the 14 districts of Phnom Penh. 

The overall objective of the project is to contribute to strengthened social protection, economic recovery and COVID-19 adaptation of poor urban communities in Phnom Penh.   

Outcome 1 will be focused on poor urban communities, particularly vulnerable women and children, who will gain improved access to WASH facilities, psychosocial support and social protection services.  

  • COVID-19 awareness campaign and construction of handwashing facilities. Supported by activities educating communities about COVID-19 and proper hygiene practices and prevention methods.  

  • Support access to existing social protection schemes for vulnerable communities.  

  • Provide psychosocial support and protection services to women and children at risk of gender-based violence.  

Outcome 2 will be focused on improving the economic situation of families of recently laid-off workers and small businesses at risk of closing.   

  • Support economic recovery efforts for recently laid off workers from the informal sector, through diversifying their skillsets and re-join the employment market.  

  • Support businesses affected by the pandemic through financial literacy trainings, consulting services and supporting access to fair loans. 

EWS1294 SMS Broadcasting

EWS1294 SMS Broadcasting

A sponsorship agreement has been signed between PIN and the telecommunications company Smart Axiata to increase the reach of EWS1294 alert messages to the Cambodian population. As part of this collaboration, EWS1294 SMS broadcasting will be developed and will allow all Smart sim card users in at-risk areas to receive a flood alert from EWS1294. Moving beyond the subscription model required by the current IVR system, SMS broadcasting will significantly increase the reach of alerts, allowing some of the 8 million smart sim card users in flood-prone areas to receive EWS1294 alerts in the form of SMS.
Strengthening the Resilience of the Population and Building an Early Warning System in Cambodia, Phase 3

Strengthening the Resilience of the Population and Building an Early Warning System in Cambodia, Phase 3

The aim of this project is to contribute to the overall resilience of Cambodian communities to multiple hazards by ensuring an effective and sustainable handover of EWS1294 to the Royal Government of Cambodia. EWS1294 is Cambodia’s national early warning system, operating in the entire country and disseminating life-saving alerts regarding floods and other climate and pandemic-related risks. This project draws on the achievements of the two previous projects funded by the Czech Ministry of Foreign Affairs and aims to close the gaps identified in order to ensure the sustainability of EWS1294 in the hands of the National Committee for Disaster Management (NCDM). 

 

This Third Phase of the MFA-funded intervention aims to: 

  • Strengthen the sustainability of the handover of EWS1294 to the Royal Government of Cambodia by building PCDMs’ capacities in basic maintenance of the Tepmacha sensors. 

  • Procure new sensors for the NCDM. 

  • Maintain inactive sensors to ensure proper operation of the system and innovate to enhance sensor operation in areas with low mobile connectivity. 

  • Ensure greater usability and security of the dissemination dashboard in the hands of the NCDM and PCDM. 

  • Strengthen emergency preparedness and response capacity with the sub-national disaster management committees in Prey Veng, Kandal and Pursat provinces. 

Strengthening Climate Information and Early Warning System in Cambodia to Support Climate Resilient Development and Adaptation to Climate Change

Strengthening Climate Information and Early Warning System in Cambodia to Support Climate Resilient Development and Adaptation to Climate Change

The main aim of this project is to address the flood mitigation challenge, by producing evidence-based recommendations for the Royal Government of Cambodia and reduce the vulnerability of urban populations to climate change impacts through an innovative and effective urban Early Warning System. 

A common obstacle for urban flood disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaption (CCA) projects in developing regions is a lack of high-resolution topographic data, without which it is difficult to scientifically predict the spatial distribution of impacts caused by natural hazards. Growing availability of Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) enables the widespread application of catastrophe modelling, allowing the user to simulate geophysical hazards at varying magnitudes. This powerful disaster management tool empowers local authorities to predict the spatial variability of impacts caused during these events, producing outputs that provide valuable information as an evidence base for flood DRR and to inform urban planning. 

In line with the national priorities provided in Cambodia’s Climate Change Strategic Plan (CCCSP), the project aims to address the flood mitigation challenge, by producing evidence-based recommendations for the Royal Government of Cambodia, mainly with the National Committee for Disaster Management (NCDM) to reduce the vulnerability of urban populations to climate change impacts, by facilitating access to an innovative and effective urban Early Warning System (EWS).  

To achieve these results, People In Needis using an innovative approach to elevation data collection, facilitating the use of urban flood modelling for the City of Battambang, as well as exploring additional last-mile communication channels for the implementation of a new urban EWS.EWS1294 currently operates across 24 provinces and is capable of disseminating warning messages to hundreds of thousands[] of Cambodians - reducing their vulnerability to floods, primarily targeted towards rural populations.

Integrated Early Warning System (EWS) 1294

Integrated Early Warning System (EWS) 1294

EWS1294 now provides full national coverage, operated by the provincial government when they wish to disseminate an alert to the population and the system is linked to National Committee for Disaster Management´s (NCDM) website who recognise the system as the national EWS for Cambodia. PIN Cambodia’s Disaster Management (DM) team continue to find innovative ways of developing the system, most recently through the implementation of the Common Alerting Protocol (CAP), an international standardisation for the dissemination of early warning messages. This approach was the first step in moving the system towards multi-channel dissemination and has been quickly followed by the creation of the EWS1294 Facebook page; accumulating 110,000 followers within 5 months. PIN’s technology team plan to use this social media presence to enable the dissemination of warning messages through Facebook messenger, for which a Chatbots program has been developed and is awaiting approval.  

Through essential support from its donors; previously including, UNDP, SDC, Czech MFA, ECHO and WFP, PIN now intends to begin phasing out of EWS1294 and complete the handover of the system to the national government.

The project aims to increase access to EWS1294 by enabling broadcasting dissemination and further technical developments, to improve the capacities of NCDM to ensure that the Royal Government of Cambodia can operate and maintain the system and to complete the handover of EWS1294 to NCDM.